E-learning: Human security and the military role

Finding the utility of military force to protect civilians from violence. A course by the Norwegian Defence University College.

  1. Students at the Fincent NATO UN POC course will run this e-learning course during their pre-course study (normally one month prior to the course) and one more time during the course, this time with more in-depth questions and blended with other topics in the course curriculum.

    The final exercise of the course will include the XR-programme (Extended Reality), where students will run work in groups on the threat analysis of the Suania scenario for one day, followed by two days with case studies of cases related to the use of force and learning aspects related to 21st century conflicts.

    Two sets of questions

    Each lesson will have two sets of questions. The first set (normally one or two questions) will be answered during the pre-course study. These questions are low-level and aims primarily at students recalling key content and the principle challenges the threat-based approach tries to come to grips with. So, in essence, the pre-course questions will help students better identify aspects of the concept they struggle with. Remember, the entire concept is identified as a threshold concept, with troublesome knowledge that for several reasons becomes a learning puzzle for most. This is also why the XR-programme has been developed as a learning tool to make students overcome the threshold and more intuitively internalize the concept.


  2. "Human security and the military role" is an online course. You can complete the course at your own pace.

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What is the course main topic?

Military forces often fail to protect civilians from physical violence, even when providing protection is their key objective.

Avoiding collateral damage is no longer enough to protect civilians in armed conflict. Military forces must sometimes counter armed groups that target civilians and tailor their operations to deter, coerce, or destroy the perpetrators’ will and ability to attack civilians.

Military forces must reduce the threat to civilians in any type of operations, whether in defence of national integrity or in protecting non-combatants from violent perpetrators in armed conflicts.

Why this course?

Men in forrest

Understanding the threats to civilians is key to better protect them from violence. Threats to civilians vary greatly; from genocide to mob violence. The utility of force to protect varies accordingly.

Through twelve short video lessons, this course provides a systematic approach to threat analysis, planning, implementation, and assessment of military operations to protect civilians.

With the help of a «flipped classroom» design, the course is ideal for self-study, interactive learning and comprehensive courses where the role of the military in providing human security is a topic.

Research and development team

  1. Petter HF Lindqvist


    Lindqvist is an Army Colonel at the Norwegian Defence University College, specializing on the use of military force to improve human security in armed conflict. His operational experience covers four decades of UN and NATO operations, including Lebanon, Iraq, Afghanistan and South-Sudan.

  2. Stian Kjeksrud


    Dr. Kjeksrud is an Associate Professor at the Norwegian Defence University College, heading its research program on UN peace operations. Kjeksrud served as an officer and soldier in Afghanistan, North Macedonia, Kosovo, and Lebanon.

  3. Alexander William Beadle


    Beadle is a researcher at the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment and a PhD-candidate at the University of Oslo, heading a research project on global trends and the future of warfare. He has also worked extensively on understanding the utility of force in protecting civilians from violence, leading to several publications.

  4. Gustav Nyquist


    Nyquist is an experienced video content producer working at the Norwegian Defence University College’s section for Advanced Distributed Learning. He has extensive experience from movie production, documentary and information film. 

  5. Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK)