Track 3 addresses Cold Weather Injuries (CWI) in civilian life and in military service. The main topics are frostbites, non-freezing cold injuries, and hypothermia. Scientifically based knowledge on prevention, advanced diagnostic procedures, and modern treatments are presented.
Lacking evidence-based medicine for CWI, experimental and off-label treatments have contributed to an increased interest in the medical community regarding CWI. Long-term sequelae were previously without treatment options but can now be treated. Modern diagnostic equipment and invasive medication in CWI are presented within the cold weather context.
The cold weather interferes with winter military training and challenge any military operation in the harsh arctic climate. The Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) have been revolutionary for prehospital casualty care, but does this concept adapt to cold weather warfare? Does your tourniquet stop the bleeding through multiple layers of clothing, and how do you put it on, without getting a frostbite as well?
Lectures on Wednesday 3 November, present state of the art management of CWI. Different aspects and concepts for clinical situations in winter warfare are presented and discussed. The lectures on Thursday 4 November, address some of the gaps when transforming TCCC into a system for cold weather operations.
This track also addresses the medical challenges of creating cold weather warfighting capability for the future.